14 January, 2011

6 to 4 in 5

I have native IPv6 on my LAN for one server. I have another server which lives on LAN with only native IPv4. Can I get IPv6 on that? Yes!

My present configuration uses 6to4. This is a very straightforward mechanism to configure on linux, without needing any setup outside of my own machine. On the downside, it gives very little control of routing which can lead to strange connectivity problems that are hard to debug.

I followed the
Linux IPv6 HOWTO howto pretty faithfully.

I needed these 5 steps:

$ ipv4=""; printf "2002:%02x%02x:%02x%02x::1" `echo $ipv4 | tr "." " "`

This tells me that my prefix is: 2002:ae8f:f507::/48

I get a 16-bit (4 hex-digit) subnet number to pick my own networks (I'll pick 2 in this case, fairly arbitrarily), and then the remaining 64 bits go towards identifying the host on the network (which I'll pick 0123:4567:89ab:cdef. Another good choice would be ::1)

So I end up choosing the IP address: 2002:ae8f:f507:2:0123:4567:89ab:cdef


modprobe sit  (it was compiled but not loaded)
ifconfig sit0 add 2002:ae8f:f507:2:0123:4567:89ab:cdef/16 up
/sbin/route -A inet6 add 2000::/3 gw :: dev sit0

and now I can ping my own machine:

benc@paella:~$ ping6 dildano.hawaga.org.uk
PING dildano.hawaga.org.uk(dildano.hawaga.org.uk) 56 data bytes
64 bytes from dildano.hawaga.org.uk: icmp_seq=1 ttl=62 time=136 ms
64 bytes from dildano.hawaga.org.uk: icmp_seq=2 ttl=62 time=132 ms
64 bytes from dildano.hawaga.org.uk: icmp_seq=3 ttl=62 time=132 ms

--- dildano.hawaga.org.uk ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 3 received, 0% packet loss, time 2000ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 132.002/133.335/136.002/1.931 ms

easy peasy. shame it's quite unreliable.

1 comment:

  1. Anonymous8/10/11 06:28

    Thanks! I have just connected to IRCnet (server 2001:ad0::6666 in Latvia) from my Amazon EC2 host on IPv6, per your instruction above. And I'm a Linux newb! That's so much fun!

    Other IRCnet servers (http://en.linuxreviews.org/IPv6_supported_IRC_servers#IRCnet) didn't work, creating that annoying false initial impression that my configuration was unsuccessful.